The Parisian geraniums or ivy geraniums are the common names of the Pelargonium peltatum, they are evergreen perennials belonging to the family of the Geraniaceae and have somewhat fragile stems which can extend up to 90 cm long.
These plants are native to southern Africa.
The Parisian geraniums are characterized by thick, lobed, medium green leaves with ivy leaves.
The colors of the flowers of the Parisian geraniums can vary in shades from red, pink, lilac or white. Due to their intense and flashy coloring, we can see them frequently adorning flowered balconies, windows or terraces.
The name of the genus comes from the Greek word pelargos meaning stork. The fruit has a beak like a stork.
Parisian Geraniums: When To Plant Them?
Parisian geraniums can be planted and grow in soil or in containers or hanging baskets. The most suitable soil for these plants will be a well-drained soil with a neutral slightly alkaline pH.
The seed of this plant germinates at a minimum temperature of 13° c, germination usually takes place within a couple of weeks although sometimes it takes several months.
Once germination has produced 7-8 cm seedlings transfer the seedlings into individual pots and let them grow in a greenhouse or in a warm place for at least the first winter.
Care Of Parisian Geraniums
These plants need a regular supply of water during the growing season. The same care should of course be taken during the hot season, so water the plant frequently, especially during very hot periods.
Parisian Geraniums: Exposure
Parisian geraniums or ivy geraniums appreciate sunny places, however they can easily grow in semi-shaded places.
A less sunny place is indicated if the heat of the day is very high, in fact the best blooms occur when the nights are cool.
Parisian Geraniums: What To Do In The Winter Months
Parisian geraniums suffer too low temperatures in winter, so it is advisable to take them to dark, cool places in the cellar or garage before the frost. During this period the plant will need little water.
Wintering the plant in sheltered places is generally advisable in order to promote the most vigorous flowering for the following growing season.
However, if you have planted geraniums in the garden and therefore cannot move them to more sheltered places, it is advisable to cover the plants with a breathable cloth during the colder periods.
Parisian Geranium Fertilization
These plants do not need a lot of fertilizer, however, if the newly planted plants have been siphoned off with a suitable fertilizer, there are specific fertilizers on the market for these plants.
Fertilisation can be carried out depending on the type of fertiliser that will be used every 7-10 days, it must be stopped in winter periods.
Parisian Geraniums Pruning
The pruning of geraniums is carried out to favor the production of new stems on which new flowers will be born, it must be done in not too cold periods so it can be done in different periods of the year depending on the climate.
To be able to carry out effective rejuvenation pruning, choose the autumn period for areas where the climate is harsh. For areas with a mild climate, the winter period may also be indicated.
However, for Parisian geraniums the ideal pruning can be done in late winter or early spring.
To ensure a clean cut of the parts without crushing, always use suitable gardening tools such as gardening shears or scissors.
Parisian Geraniums Diseases
Although geraniums are quite strong plants that need medium care, they can be prone to many diseases.
These plants love a damp but well drained soil, therefore avoid water stagnations which can cause the roots and consequently also the plant to rot.
Observe the edema, a foliar physiological problem where brownish water bubbles appear on the surfaces of the leaves, usually due to an excess of water.
Also the white flies and the aphids can infest the geraniums, like, after all, all apartment plants.
Flowering usually slows down and can stop during the extremely hot summer climate.
An indigo blue color is obtained from the petals of the flowers of this plant. It is used in painting. Essential oil is also produced from this plant.