Garden trees certainly give character to the whole outdoor space and play an important architectural and decorative function.
In addition to the impressive species, there are also many small garden trees, perfect for those who have small spaces available.
Consider that if you have a small garden where you only have small plants, you will only keep its real size. Instead, by using elements that also develop vertically, you extend your vision in three dimensions and give a greater sense of completeness to the architecture of your garden.
Garden trees, in fact, tend to look upwards, increasing the virtual perception of the space they occupy.
Before deciding which tree to plant, make a small project of the garden you want to realize.
Then, assess the soil, climate, exposure and define functional areas according to your needs.
Consider these other variables as well:
- Always think about the size, the shape of the foliage, the height of the tree’s branches when it reaches full maturity, and not when you get it from the nursery. Otherwise you risk having a specimen of inadequate size for the project you want to realize.
- Be aware of the size of the roots, because if they develop too much, they can cause damage to the house or other plants.
- In the part near the house, choose an evergreen so that you don’t have to constantly sweep away fallen leaves in the autumn.
- If you want to set up a small dining area, you can aim for a large tree, which is perfect for shade.
- Choose a fast-growing tree, so you can enjoy it earlier.
- In addition to small trees, there are also large shrubs, which often have multiple stems. But, in this case, do not buy an already adult specimen, for then pruning it, but choose a young one and then breed it as a “star”, that is, make it grow up as a single stem, by trimming the lateral jets.
Types Of Garden Trees
But let’s see now some types of small garden trees, which might be suitable for your garden.
It is an evergreen sapling with multiple stems, dense foliage and white-pink flowers with a sweet scent. It is not bulky and blooms even when it is very young.
It does not adapt to too rigid climates and prefers a fertile soil, which tends to be acidic and which retains water well, without becoming muddy.
It is probably one of the trendiest garden trees, thanks to the numerous varieties, the shapes of the leaves and the variegated colors. Some types are also suitable for pot cultivation.
It adapts to different climate zones, but needs soft, moist and acidic soil.
The olive tree can be a good choice for medium-sized gardens. If purchased young and pruned properly and accurately, it can, in fact, swell the stem, but keep a compact and contained shape.
It is, moreover, a well adaptable species, which lives well in different types of soil, with a mild or temperate climate and a temperature that does not fall below 10 degrees.
It is a small tree, very common in England. It resists heavy rainfall, but fears frost and especially wind, because, as it does not have a highly developed root system, it can be easily uprooted.
It wants a fertile and always humid soil.
Sapling of Japanese origin, very suitable for small spaces, because it grows slowly and does not exceed six meters in height. It has a delicate and abundant flowering and produces intense red fruits, and in autumn it is tinged with orange-reddish shades.
It wants to be placed in a cool place with deep and humid, but well drained soil.
Known as the “Judas tree”, it has a beautiful spring bloom, with pink flowers that grow directly on the bark and cover the entire tree. It also has beautiful shiny, rounded foliage. You can choose to make it grow as a bush or a small tree, standing a little taller.
It is quite resistant to the cold, but it hardly grows in a damp and shady position and prefers calcareous and stony soil, without water stagnation.
When we talk about Prunus, we immediately think of large fruit trees such as cherry, apricot, peach or almond trees. But there are also other species, belonging to the genus Prunus, mostly from Japan and of modest size, used for ornamental purposes.
Among these we find:
- Prunus lannesiana, the Japanese cherry tree par excellence, with yellow-green flowers, very original.
- Prunus mume, an apricot characterized by early flowering.
- Prunus amygdalo-persica, derived from the crossing between Prunus amygdalus, an ornamental almond tree, and Prunus persica, naturally a peach tree.
- Prunus pissardii, a plum with very tender pink flowers, which turn white when the buds open and accompany the young purple leaves, forming a very choreographic ensemble.
- Prunus Sinensis, a small almond tree, does not reach 1.5 m in height, which blooms around April, with very pale white or pink flowers.
They are trees suitable for a wide range of climates, very robust and resistant. They want fertile soil and, in order to favor their flowering, it is preferable to position them in a fairly sunny area.
Typical tree of the Mediterranean gardens, surely more known as arbutus, has a slow growth and is suitable for small spaces. It has a compact foliage, ideal for creating a thick shaded area, and a beautiful intense green foliage.
It grows well in poor and dry soils.
Known as hawthorn, it is a very common tree, which in winter offers edible and very showy red berries. Very useful, too, as a dividing hedge for its thorns that discourage the intrusion of wild animals.
It has little cultivation needs and prefers damp, fertile and well-drained soil and exposure to the sun.
Also called witches’ hazel, it is a slow-growing tree that does not reach a high height. It is distinguished by its yellow or copper-colored flowers which open in autumn, and by its leaves which, before falling, take on a characteristic bronze color.
It is a cold-resistant tree and a very suitable species to grow if you want to place it in a shady area.